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Volume 9 , Issue 5 , September 2021 , Pages: 187 - 201
The Role of Jaarsummaa (Council of Elders) Institution in Resolving Resource-Related Conflicts in Haramaya District of East Hararghe Zone, Oromiya
Abadir Youya Musa, College of Social Science and Humanities, Peace and Development Studies Program, Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, East Ethiopia
Bamlaku Taddese, College of Social Science and Humanities, Peace and Conflict Studies Program, African Leadership Excellence Academemy, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Received: Aug. 30, 2021;       Accepted: Sep. 22, 2021;       Published: Oct. 5, 2021
DOI: 10.11648/j.hss.20210905.17        View        Downloads  
Abstract
Haramaya district is one of the Eastern Hararghe districts; where there is scarcity of cultivable land and its mismatch with population size are highly appeared. This becomes a very serious problem responsible for violent conflicts between neighbours and among family members. So, in order to handling it, they widely follow the way of solving conflict by Jaarsumma institution. However, this mechanism are not been explored, well-understood and documented. Therefore this study was aimed to explore the role of the Jaarsuumaa institution in resolving resource-related conflict in the district. Thisstudy has employed a qualitative exploratory research to meet the stated objectives of the study. To achieve the above objectives, the study collected primary data from 53 informants that purposively selected from the targeted group of study. The secondary data sources were obtained from published and unpublished governmentdocuments; such as books, journals and different researches. The study found that various types of resource related conflicts existed in the specific district. like; Land related conflict (Land dispute conflict, family dispute conflict, Conflict over farmland boundary, Breach of Agreement on land rent, Breach of agreement on land sell and exchange) and Water-related conflict are the main types. As find out of this study indicated, majority of this resource related conflicts are solved through Jaarsummaa institutions in the ways of well keeping their norms and values. It consumes lower cost and the process takes greater speed to finalize the case. This research puts forwardrecommendations for Jaarsummaa institutions to aware the followers about the cause of conflict, and conflict resolution. There is a need for amending and enforcing the existing laws as well as formulating the new laws concerning the incorporation of Jaarsummaa institutions as parts of the legal formal system.
Keywords
Conflict, Haramaya, Jaarsaa, Jaarsummaa, Resource Conflict
To cite this article
Abadir Youya Musa, Bamlaku Taddese, The Role of Jaarsummaa (Council of Elders) Institution in Resolving Resource-Related Conflicts in Haramaya District of East Hararghe Zone, Oromiya, Humanities and Social Sciences. Vol. 9, No. 5, 2021, pp. 187-201. doi: 10.11648/j.hss.20210905.17
Copyright
Copyright © 2021 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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